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Skin Conditions We Treat

Since every skin is unique, we approach each client with a customized plan based on a thorough consultation.

Acne

What is acne?

Acne is a inflammatory condition of the skin that affects people of all ages – not just teenagers. Acne can manifest in various ways such as papsules, comedones or cysts.  There are many different types of acne, each with different root causes, which is why treating acne requires an individualized treatment approach. 

Acne originates in the pilosebaceous unit, which is where the sweat glands meet the hair follicles. We have the highest concentration of these units on the face, chest, and back, which is why those are the areas most affected by acne. 

 

Four main factors lead an acne bump to develop: an overgrowth of the P. acnes bacteria that lives inside of the follicle, an overproduction of the natural oil or sebum, a tendency for the follicle to get blocked by clumps of cells, or inflammation around the follicle. 

 

What causes acne?
The cause of acne is multi-factorial, and can range from a variety of factors such as hormonal imbalances, bacteria, clogging of the hair follicles, excessive sebaceous gland activity, and dead cell build up. Even though there is no cure for acne to disappear forever, once you have committed to a regular skin regime, you can expect to achieve dramatically improved skin.  

Common triggers include:

 

Stress – the surge of the stress hormone cortisol may cause excess oil production and inflammation on the skin. In fact, stress is one of the top triggers of acne flare-ups.

Hormones – oil production is regulated by hormones, especially testosterone which stimulates the development of sebaceous follicles and attached oil glands. This explains why acne is most common during puberty, pregnancy, menopause and during menstruation.

Medication – some drugs may affect the hormones and bring on breakouts.

Skin irritants – detergents, fabric softeners, certain shampoos and conditioners, and fragrances or dyes can exacerbate acnetic skin.

Genetics – some people may be predisposed to acne.

Products – overuse of certain drying skin care products may affect the skin’s moisture barrier and cause the skin to over-produce sebum.

Diet – there is growing evidence that certain foods such as dairy in excess and processed foods can trigger breakouts.

How do you treat acne?
It is important to know that controlling acne is an ongoing process and requres time, patience and compliance. Furthermore, depending on the severity and the cause of acne, treatment may require oral or topical medication. We offer various treatments such as purifying peels and facials to reduce redness, inflammation, and future acne breakouts; LED light treatments to help the skin rebalance; and prescribed homecare.

Hyperpigmentation

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation, which encompasses brown spots, sun spots, freckles, and melasma (the mask of pregnancy), can result in an uneven complexion that can rob your complexion of its inherent brightness, at any age.

 

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is often caused by inflammation, hormonal change or simply heredity. Those who have spent years in the sun or have used tanning beds regularly are particularly prone to it. Sun-worshippers beware: Over time, your skin will compensate to protect itself by producing melanin, the substance that produces pigment in skin. More melanin means more pigment.

Inflammation caused by acne can leave behind stubborn spots, as well. This type of pigment problem is called post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Fluctuations in hormones, as caused by pregnancy, menopause, puberty and even the use of birth control pills, can induce an over production of melanin.

How do you treat hyperpigmentation?

We use a combination of professional peels that exfoliate and lift existing dark spots, halt the production of melanin, and inhibit its continual formation. Our peels contain a blend of powerful pigment-fighting ingredients yet is gentle and does not damage the skin. Usually a series of peels will yield great results. It is critical that the client continue at home with appropriate skin care products that include daily use of a broad-spectrum facial sunscreen. This regime will be explained in detail at your consultation.

Aging Skin

What is aging skin?
Fine lines, deep wrinkles, textural irregularities, and volume loss are the hallmarks of aging skin.
What causes skin to sag and wrinkle?
There are two types of skin aging: intrinsic aging and extrinsic aging. Intrinsic aging is natural aging caused from time and genetics. Changes in the skin inevitably happen as years pass, as skin is not immune to the law of gravity. Collagen is a key component in youthful skin. Over time, we produce less collagen and elastic fibers, which causes skin to have less recoil, like a used rubber band. In fact, collagen and elastin production slows down a dramatic 65% between the ages of 20 and 80 years. In our 40s, elasticity begins to diminish and skin loses its memory and becomes less able to snap back.

Extrinsic aging is caused by factors such as smoking, many years of sun exposure, and even how we sleep. Repetitive movements such as facial expressions (frowning and squinting) may become etched in the face as lines on the forehead, around the eyes (crow’s feet) and around the mouth (a.k.a. the “parantheses”, smile lines, smoker lines). 90% of the visible signs of aging are caused by sunlight exposure. Sun breaks down our collagen and elastic fibers. These broken fibers clump together, creating knots of collagen, resulting in a bumpy skin surface that resembles leather.

Skin sags, or loses volume, because as we age there is also less underlying fat. Menopause can cause accelerated changes to the skin, aging it more quickly. 

How do you treat aging skin?

Fine lines on the face are due to a decrease in collagen and elastin support and slower cell turnover. Well-formulated topical skin care products used in conjunction with professional peels and oxygenating treatments can improve the look of maturing skin by way of plumping, firming, and hydration. Resurfacing lasers, which use heat, can help significantly by smoothing out texture changes and plump the skin by stimulating collagen and elastin production. For deeper wrinkles and hollows, hyaluronic acid injectable fillers can be used to acheive great results.

Sensitive / Dry Skin

What is Sensitive / Dry Skin?
In general, when skin lacks moisture it can look dull and lack-luster and feel dry to the touch and is unable to work effectively as a protective barrier from external irritants. It becomes sensitive. All four skin types – dry, normal, oily and combination – can be sensitive at some point. In some extreme cases, some people have hypersensitive skin, which is characterized by symptoms of tightness or itchiness, scaling and swelling.  
What causes Sensitive / Dry Skin?

There are many underlying factors, they include internal factors such as: genetics, hormones, skin diseases; and external factors: environment (UV radiation or pollution), diet, medication, lifestyle (stress, smoking, lack of sleep, skin care products).  Certain treatments such as lasers and strong chemical peels may make skin more sensitive.

How you treat Sensitive / Dry Skin?

The common denominator for dry and sensitive skin is a disturbed moisture balance. At The Dermal Lounge, we work to restore the skin’s moisture balance with appropriate products that support skin hydration, as well as, treatments such as oxygenating facials and peels formulated to nourish and hydrate irritated skin. Hydrated skin becomes less prone to sensitivity and looks and feels more radiant and supple.  

Still have questions?

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